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Global Climate Change

ICF aids governments and development agencies in making informed decisions. We characterize emissions sources, suggest emissions reduction strategies, assess risk, and analyze the impacts of climate and extreme weather on transportation, energy, and water infrastructure, natural resources, and other sectors. More specifically, we:

  • Identify the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and emissions reduction options of projects, policies, and programs.
  • Estimate emissions from industrial, commercial, agricultural, and domestic sectors and identify best available technologies and associated abatement costs for reduction scenarios.
  • Determine impacts of floods, droughts, sea level rise, and heat waves.
  • Evaluate short-term response options and design long-term proactive resilience strategies through technical assistance, stakeholder engagement and training.
  • Build capacity to integrate climate considerations into local, municipal, and national plans and investments.
  • Monitor and evaluate the efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and results of climate-related initiatives.

Implementing Climate Change Resilience Programs

ICF works with the U.S. Agency for International Development and the Millennium Challenge Corporation to promote climate-resilient international development. We develop processes and tools to identify climate risks to investments and effective approaches for managing those risks. We provide systematic documentation of adjustments to USAID programs and strategies, and we support the roll-out and initial implementation of climate risk screening and assessment tools and processes.

ICF helped the World Bank design climate risk screening tools for the world’s largest climate risk management effort, as measured by the value of the investments being screened. We created a tool to identify climate risks in national-level planning and a suite of tools for assessing risks to project-level investments in energy, roads, water, health, coastal, agriculture, and other sectors.

We have supported USAID in helping cities in the Dominican Republic, Peru, and Mozambique to develop work plans and activities that address climate risk to infrastructure services. In Southeast Asia, ICF designed a tool for analyzing the environmental, financial, and social performance risks of hydropower investments. In Tanzania and Ghana, ICF is developing Integrated Resource and Resilience Plans that integrate climate considerations into energy development strategies.

Implementing Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS)

ICF works with development and environmental organizations across the globe to help countries develop GHG inventories and monitor, report, and verify GHG emissions. We have assisted dozens of nations across Africa, Asia, and Latin America in improving GHG accounting methods. For example, ICF has supported the following efforts:

  • USAID Low Emissions Asian Development program—enables Asian countries to achieve long-term, transformative development and to accelerate sustainable, climate-resilient economic growth while slowing the growth of GHG emissions.
  • USAID Resources for Advancing LEDS Implementation program—builds, disseminates, and promotes tools, training, and other resources to speed the transition to climate-resilient, low-emission, sustainable economic growth.
  • Clean Energy Emission Reduction Protocol and Tool—provides a consistent approach for estimating, reporting, and aggregating GHG emission reductions from Clean Energy programs and investments.
  • World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness—gives guidance on building GHG data management systems for effective climate policies and provides legal, institutional, and technical information about those systems.

Guiding Emissions Trading Systems

ICF supports all phases of the carbon market cycle. We have delivered strategic advice and due diligence services for 300+ proposed clean development mechanism and joint implementation projects. We helped USEPA develop the first large-scale emission trading system – the Acid Rain Program – and have since provided analytic support to the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), Western Climate Initiative, California Cap and Trade Program, and others. Outside North America, we are assisting the European Commission in providing technical assistance and capacity-building expertise for emissions trading systems in China and South Korea.