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U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)

Clean Energy Emission Reduction (CLEER) Protocol

For USAID’s Global Climate Change Initiative, ICF has developed the Clean Energy Emission Reduction (CLEER) Protocol to help USAID missions estimate and report greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions associated with clean energy projects. ICF worked with USAID staff around the world to identify the types of projects they support that have GHG reduction impacts, then developed methodologies and designed tools to calculate GHG impacts of these specific projects. The protocol consisted of guidance and tools to estimate GHG reductions for a wide variety of programs that promote the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies, build capacity in the energy sector, enhance the enabling environment clean energy deployment, and increase investment in clean energy. 

ICF developed a protocol to guide USAID operating units on how to estimate, document, and report GHG emission reductions from projects in a manner that is both internally consistent and complies with international GHG mitigation project accounting standards. The protocol addresses projects in the energy, industry, transport, and urban sectors and is sufficiently robust to ensure that reported emission reductions are real and comparable across sectors and regions, and follow the TACCC—transparency, accuracy, completeness, consistency, and comparability—principles of high quality GHG accounting. 

ICF has also developed GHG calculators to address the needs of USAID Operating Units for calculating GHG emissions. The calculators allow for the input of parameters to calculate GHG abatement via established methodologies, generate reports on progress towards each goal, and help forecast future programming and design. The tool ensures climate change mitigation calculations are accurate and that methods and emission factors are transparent and complete.

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