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Nairobi, Kenya

+254 (20) 386 1362

+254 (20) 386 1362


ICF in Kenya

ICF has made significant contributions to helping Kenya advance its health priorities for 25 years, establishing a more formal local presence there in 2008. We generate evidence to improve national, county, and community health services, equity, and outcomes through our support to Demographic and Health Surveys, information systems strengthening, impact evaluations, and mixed-method studies and surveys.

ICF is a key partner on USAID’s MEASURE Evaluation project and has been the lead implementer for the project’s work in Kenya under the MEASURE Evaluation PIMA project. Our core team of experts based in Nairobi represent the best M&E experts in the country. This team supports the national and county governments in Kenya to meet the country’s health information needs. This is done through our strong and lasting relationships with government stakeholders, donor partners, and a package of tools and approaches.

Health Information System Strengthening

ICF works across health sectors in Kenya to design and deploy information systems that meet social and health program data needs in alignment with national strategies and system architectures. We engage with stakeholders to support health system strategic planning, costing, and implementation to strengthen the health information system and monitoring and evaluation. More specifically:

- We develop human and organization health system capacity by assessing, action-planning, and mentoring. For example, ICF designed and introduced a capacity assessment tool, the M&E Capacity Assessment Toolkit (MECAT, which was used to assess five of Kenya’s national programs, and 17 county health management teams. Results from the assessments supported the generation of action plans to strengthen the M&E system. The MECAT is now being used in multiple countries through various programs.

- We work with Kenya’s Civil Registration Department to build its capacity and strengthen the Civil Registration and Vital Statistics system. This involves working with the Ministry of Health to improve cause-of-death data, and provide assistance to the Civil Registration department staff to strengthen capacity in data collection, data processing and analysis, strategic planning, monitoring and evaluation, and data use. ICF also supports improving functionality of the digital registration system and deployment of the system in counties.

- Kenya implements an Integrated Disease Surveillance and Reporting (IDSR) systems to track all notifiable diseases and conditions from across the country. ICF worked with the Disease Surveillance and Response Unit (DSRU) to identify and respond to M&E information needs including conducting M&E baseline capacity assessment to identify M&E system and capacity gaps, and led to the development of action plans to address needs.


Malaria is a leading cause of death in Kenya adversely affecting economic growth and development. In partnership, ICF works to improve quality of malaria data and strengthen health systems enabling stronger malaria program implementation and measurement of achievements.

- In partnership with the national Malarial Control Unit, ICF is strengthening the malaria surveillance system. ICF works in counties with endemic malaria infection to strengthen capacity to routinely monitor and evaluate key malaria indicators.

- We are also generating evidence of improved malaria services through an impact evaluations, the results of which will be used to develop Kenya’s next malaria strategic plan.

- ICF supported two grantees of the President’s Malaria Initiative Malaria Communities Program to design, monitor, and evaluate community-based malaria programs in Kenya.


We work to strengthen Kenya’s referral system, in which patients, including HIV-positive individuals, are referred into care and treatment programs. ICF’s PIMA team, in coordination with MOH leaders and stakeholders developed a strategy and guidelines and built the capacity of health workers in making effective referrals. We implemented the Referral System Assessment and Monitoring Toolkit in 10 counties, developed facility level dashboards to illustrate key indicators, conducted data use forums, and mentored staff on data use. In one high burden facility, gaps identified were addressed by integrating PMTCT services within antenatal care. Support from our PIMA staff continues to provide program managers with guidance and skills needed to assess and monitor referral systems effectively. The strengthened system ensures that all patients receive the care they need.

Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCAH)

ICF has worked over the years to improve capacity of the Reproductive and Maternal Health Services Units and individuals at the national and county levels. Our aim has been to empower government institutions and individuals to identify and respond to M&E information needs. ICF support has included building strong partnerships to planning and coordination of M&E, developing organizational and individual capacities for M&E in RMNCAH, increasing availability, quality and use of strategic information for RMNCAH/family planning decisions and providing technical expertise for M&E and review M&E Plans for Division of Family Health Units.

ICF has directly supported MOH in providing package of support to enhance monitoring and evaluation leadership in RMNCAH programmes in Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (EmONC), Maternal and Perinatal Death Surveillance and Response (MPDSR), RMNCAH Scorecard, District Health Information Software Version 2 (DHIS2) and targeted county data review forums.