Since 2005, James Gardiner has led multilingual, interdisciplinary teams on diverse climate, energy, and environmental assignments. He has worked in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas for governmental, multilateral, commercial, and philanthropic organizations, such as the European Commission, the British Government, the U.S. Federal Government, the World Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and the Breakthrough Energy Coalition. The outcomes of these assignments include securing funding for large-scale clean energy projects, facilitating intergovernmental outreach on climate change mitigation and adaptation, obtaining regulatory approval for projects to reduce emissions and increase energy security, and editing international energy-efficiency regulations.
Currently, James is supporting the European Commission in its climate diplomacy engagements both with major emitting countries and with countries particularly vulnerable to climate change. He is also advising the Breakthrough Energy Coalition on best practices in clean energy innovation, building on studies for the European Commission into boosting finance to first-of-a-kind, commercial-scale, clean energy projects and into facilitating clean technology transfer to developing countries.
Before moving to ICF’s London (UK) office to act on behalf of a carbon fund established by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, James worked out of ICF’s Houston (Texas) office on environmental and social impact assessments of energy infrastructure projects, most notably the World-Bank-supported West Africa Gas Pipeline project to reduce gas flaring in Nigeria by transporting surplus natural gas to Benin, Togo, and Ghana for electricity generation.