In recent years, policy makers have turned to low carbon fuel standards to complement other transportation emission reduction programs. Low carbon fuel standards reduce lifecycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transportation fuels, including GHG tailpipe emissions and upstream emissions from extracting, refining, processing, and transporting fuels. California introduced the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS), the European Union (EU) implemented the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD), and British Columbia initiated the Renewable & Low Carbon Fuel Requirements Regulation (LCFR).
ICF provides a full suite of services to policy makers and regulated parties that help answer questions such as:
ICF has developed models and processes that help regulated parties to:
ICF's deep experience in the critical areas of low carbon fuel standards has also positioned our team to help support regulatory agencies in the design and implementation of the program.