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Climate Change

As public- and private-sector entities around the world grapple with the challenges of climate change, ICF's award-winning team of climate change experts delivers objective insight, scientifically sound analysis, and multidisciplinary expertise on a global scale.

A changing climate is adding complexity and challenges to growth and development worldwide. ICF helps countries anticipate and plan for the effects of climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, seize opportunities related to climate programs and funding, and work toward sustainable, low-carbon, resilient solutions with a full package of integrated services.

Integrating Climate Change into Development Programs

By characterizing emission sources, identifying mitigation strategies, assessing risk, and analyzing the impacts of climate change on key sectors--including transportation, energy and water infrastructure, and sustainable landscapes--ICF assists governments and development agencies in making informed decisions that integrate climate concerns. Our expert guidance is designed to help country decision-makers and other stakeholders fully understand the implications of changes in climate and to identify, assess, select, implement, and evaluate options that reduce potential impacts. Examples of this guidance include the use of models and tools to:

  • Identify the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and mitigation options of projects, policies, and programs.
  • Estimate emissions from industrial, commercial, agricultural, and domestic sectors and identify best available technologies and associated abatement costs for reduction scenarios.
  • Estimate impacts from climate-related events such as floods, droughts, sea level rise, and heat waves.
  • Evaluate short-term response options and design long-term proactive adaptation strategies.
  • Build capacity to integrate climate considerations into local, municipal, and national plans and investments, through technical assistance, stakeholder engagement, and training.
  • Provide monitoring and evaluation services that examine the efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and results for climate-related initiatives across multiple sectors.

Implementing Climate Change Resilience Programs

ICF is working with agencies like USAID and the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) to implement Executive Order 13677 on Climate-Resilient International Development. We are developing processes and tools to identify climate risks to investments and effective approaches for managing those risks. This work spans the entire spectrum from the national to the project level, and includes systematic documentation of the adjustments that are made to USAID programs and strategies. Support includes the roll-out and initial implementation of the climate risk screening and assessment tools and processes. ICF is providing similar support to the MCC to assure that its multi-billion dollar investment portfolio is being developed to be resilient to the climate of the 21st century, rather than the climate of the 20th century.

ICF helped the World Bank create the climate risk screening tools that are now part of the world’s largest climate risk management effort, as measured by the value of the investments being screened for risks. We created a tool to identify climate risks in national-level planning, and a suite of tools to identify climate risks to project-level investments related to energy, roads, water, health, coastal, agriculture, and other sectors.

Other examples include our work with USAID in helping cities in the Dominican Republic, Peru, and Mozambique to develop work plans and activities that address climate risk to infrastructure services and plan for a changing climate. In Tanzania and Ghana, ICF is developing Integrated Resource Resilience Plans that integrate climate change into the countries' energy development strategies. And, in Southeast Asia, ICF developed a tool for analyzing the environmental, financial, and social performance risks that hydropower investments face from climate change.

Implementing Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS)

ICF works with development and environmental organizations across the globe to help countries develop greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories and monitor, report, and verify GHG emissions. Our teams have assisted dozens of nations across Africa, Asia, and Latin America with the development and improvement of their national GHG accounting methods. Key ICF experience in the implementation of Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) includes:

  1. USAID Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) program—helping developing countries in Asia to achieve long-term, transformative development and to accelerate sustainable, climate-resilient economic growth while slowing the growth of greenhouse gas emissions.
  2. USAID Resources for Advancing LEDS Implementation (RALI) program—building, disseminating, and promoting tools, trainings, and other resources to speed the transition to climate-resilient, low-emission, sustainable economic growth.
  3. Clean Energy Emission Reduction (CLEER) Protocol and Tool—providing a consistent approach across regions and project types for estimating, reporting, and aggregating GHG emission reductions from Clean Energy programs and investments.
  4. World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness--guidance on building GHG data management systems that serve as critical foundations for effective climate policies and providing legal, institutional, and technical information on the development of those systems.

Guiding Emissions Trading Systems

ICF supports initiatives at all phases of the carbon market cycle. For example, our climate change teams have delivered strategic advice and due diligence services for more than 300 proposed clean development mechanism and joint implementation projects. We have also assisted the European Commission in providing technical assistance and capacity building expertise for emissions trading systems in China and South Korea.


Projects & Perspectives